Archive for the ‘Education’ Category

Over the last 5 years, I had written many times regarding degree recognition, quality of medical educations and pathways to specialisation. Unfortunately, I get asked these questions again and again from budding doctors as well as parents. Sometimes, I wonder whether our society even reads or does any research before asking these questions. Sometimes I do get irritated and thus some sarcastic remarks had to be made! I felt I should write these issues once again for the last time!

As I have said many times before, medicine is rather unique in the sense that just because you have a MBBS/MD degree, it does NOT mean you can work anywhere in this world. Every country has their own way of recognising medical degrees. IF your degree is NOT recognised by the medical council of the respective country, you will NOT be able to work in that particular country, as a doctor. You need to sit and pass their entrance exam conducted by their medical council in order to be eligible to be registered. However, eligibility of registration is NOT equal to getting an employment. Also please do not forget that these entrance exams are NOT cheap and not easy either. Despite spending huge amount of money, you may end up going nowhere. That’s the reason I keep saying that if you intend to migrate, never do medicine!

UK has the PLAB exams for those who graduate from any university outside UK, Australia has AMC exams and US has USMLE exams (which all their graduates need to sit). Unfortunately, to get a job in UK is becoming almost impossible due to their immigration laws where their citizens and EU citizens are given priority. You will be at the bottom of the list. Even if you do your degree in Newcastle Malaysia, the same rule applies except the fact you do not need to sit for PLAB exams. If you do not get internship in UK, you will not get GMC registration. FYI, UK is having the same problem as Australia in the number of internship post. Both these countries are only able to provide internship to those who graduated from their own local universities. I know quite a number of Malaysians who had passed AMC exams but yet to get a placement in Australia. In US, the situation does not look that rosy either. A recent report suggest that for the first time, there are more applicants than post for residency training.  Thus, even their own graduates are unable to get residency post of their choice and need to wait for next year’s intake. Your chances may be better if you choose the non-popular residency post. Meanwhile, Ireland Medical Council has now recognised housemanship training in Malaysia. You are eligible for general registration after housemanship completion in Malaysia without the need to sit for PRES examination. However, I am not sure whether your undergraduate degree have any role to play. Unfortunately, Ireland is not the best place to work currently due to their economic situation. As for Malaysian degrees, only UM/UKM is recognised in Singapore and Monash in Australia/NZ.

The situation in Malaysia is not that great either. I first started to write about possible over-supply of doctors almost 10 years ago when they started to approve too many medical schools (33 in total with 36 medical programs at least). Many were in denial including our politicians, MOH and MMA. I was labelled with all kind of nasty name calling. Fortunately, as I predicted the problem has now surfaced publicly. In 2011, after much denial, the government issued a moratorium for new medical schools. At the same time, MMC came up with the Minimum Entry Criteria. While I disagree that SPM should be used as the main criteria, MMC had no choice as in the name of education hub, we have just too many Pre-U courses conducted by various colleges.  I still feel that MMC should only allow medical school entry based on well established Pre-U courses like STPM, Matriculation, A -level, IB etc. I strongly do not agree that Foundation courses should be used as the Pre-U entry course. It is not a standardised exam as it is conducted and marked by the respective colleges. I have heard enough stories!

MMC has also made it very clear that those who go to unrecognised medical colleges overseas without minimum entry qualifications will NOT be able to sit for MQE exams. So, for those who are doing medicine in unrecognised universities without minimum qualifications, please look at other options. Please be also warned that MQA accreditation is NOT the same as MMC accreditation. For medicine, only MMC accreditation matters. 2 years ago, I remember of  students being offered scholarship to do medicine in CUBA. This is despite the fact that none of the degree from Cuba is recognised by MMC but many were not aware. Recently, it appeared in the news.  Students who had graduated and returned to the country last month are now required to sit and pass the MQE examinations. IN response, MMC said that they are reviewing ALL recognised medical schools and may reduce the numbers further (see below). 

With the mushrooming of medical schools (the highest per capita population in the world), quality became an issue. Recently, MMA president claimed that close to 20% of medical graduates do not have enough qualifications to do medicine. He was referring to many graduates from overseas universities especially from Russia, Indonesia, Egypt etc. I had written about this before especially over HERE. However, local university graduates are not that great either. Many of the medical schools do not have enough academics and dependent on foreigners from Myanmar, India etc. I am not saying that they are not good but the health care system in those countries are different from ours. The very fact that we are dependent on foreign academics tells us that we are NOT ready to have so many medical schools, in the first place. Despite low number of academics, the medical school need to take at least 100-150 students to make profit and get their return of investment. That was the reason why MMC came up with the criteria, as many of them were taking students with low quality by using their own foundation programs. The quality of training after graduation is another issue all together which I had written many times before. The shift system with poor supervision has made it go from bad to worst! We are going to be seeing a lot of THIS type of stories soon!

With the introduction of the minimum criteria, many private medical colleges started to find it difficult to recruit enough students since 2011. This is causing financial problems for some medical colleges. JPA has also stopped sponsoring students for medicine over the last 2 years. First they stopped sponsoring students overseas except for the top 50 students or so. Recently, I heard, JPA has also stopped sending students for medicine to some if not all the private medical schools. Even for public universities, JPA is no more a guaranteed scholarship. I was informed that as of last year, there are NO MORE JPA sponsored students in PMC. This has reduced their intake for this year to only 65 students! This has also prompted the university to reduce their entry requirement (ATAR 80 for 6 years program), including taking UEC students and recruiting foreign students from middle east countries. If not, they will not be able to survive. Ironically, MARA is still sponsoring students for medical studies both locally and overseas! So far, I have not heard of any instruction from MOE to reduce the intake of medical students into private medical schools. However, I feel some of these schools may undergo a slow death like what is happening to THIS college.  I heard this college is working out some agreement with CUCMS. However, I find it interesting that based on the latest MMC LIST, CUCMS only recognised till 12/2012 with extension to 2015? .  It is rather confusing.

MOH is also finding it difficult to accommodate housemanship posting for graduates. I heard local public university graduates had to wait close to 3 months for appointments (use to be only 1 month). Private universities seem to be taking longer. I heard some PMC students who graduated in May 2014 with interview conducted in the university itself , are yet to be posted for housemanship. Some are getting the posting for October intake and some may still need to wait longer. So, the waiting list is getting longer. I heard some MARA sponsored students have applied for housemanship in Ireland and manage to get it.  Remember, 50% of the 33 medical schools will only start to produce their graduates starting from this year till 2016. So, what the situation will be like, by 2016?

I have a feeling that MMC/MOH may not have any choice but to introduce some sort of entry or exit exams. Even the MO post are becoming full and many are being posted to East Malaysia. Klinik Kesihatans are being filled to the brink with some small KKs in a rural districts have close to 9-10 MOs now!

Finally, if your degree is NOT recognised in another country, you will not be able to do your postgraduate degree/specialist training overseas. This is because, you will not be able to get a job. Specialist training in medicine is FULL TIME working and PART TIME studying. I get asked this question repeatedly! However, you can go for a short attachment on temporary registration,  for training purposes. Generally, no salary will be paid for such attachments. If you have MRCP/MRCS/MRCOG etc, you may be able to get a job in Singapore as a MO/registra.

MMC to review all foreign medical schools
Posted on 17 September 2014 – 09:32pm

Karen Arukesamy

PETALING JAYA: The Malaysian Medical Council (MMC) is reviewing the accreditation of all foreign medical schools with a view to reducing the number of such recognised overseas institutions.

Director-General of Health Datuk Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah, who is also MMC chairman, said the council is not recognising more foreign medical schools.

“We are cutting the number of recognised universities abroad,” he said when asked to comment on theSun’s page one report today highlighting the plight of medical graduates from a Cuban scholarship programme whose degrees have not been recognised.

“Many universities, including from Australia, have applied for recognition but we are not considering at the moment,” he told theSun today.

According to the MMC website, aside from 29 Malaysian medical schools which are accredited, MMC has recognised medical degrees from 375 overseas medical schools in 34 countries, including Myanmar, Czech Republic, Sri Lanka, Iraq, Russia and Ukraine.

While he declined comment as to why MMC had yet to respond to Cuba’s application for recognition for its medical programmes since 2007, Noor Hisham said medical graduates from Cuba will have to sit for the Medical Qualifying Examination (MQE).

Four students from the first batch of Malaysians sent there in 2007 under a Cuban scholarship programme who returned here on Sept 4, have been told to enrol for a six-month course which costs RM25,000 in a local universities, prior to sitting for the MQE.

However, there is no guarantee that the local universities will accept these students for the programme, without which they cannot sit for MQE.

Meanwhile, Health Minister Datuk Dr S. Subramaniam said the ministry has also frozen all new applications to set up private medical colleges in the country as there are many recognised medical colleges for Malaysians.

An MMC source said it had stopped accepting new applications for medical universities since the beginning of 2013.

As to the recognition of Cuban medical degrees in Malaysia, Subramaniam said if there is an update, the ministry would notify the Cuban embassy.

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418: The Verdict !

Well, the circus has finally ended. In my last article I wrote that something is not right about the magic number of 418. The number simply do not tally with the number of public medical schools. Following the ridiculous statement by a Deputy Education Minister, not only MMC but even MOH as well as the Minister of Education (2) came out with interesting statements denying that MOH or MOE gave any instructions to reduce intake of medical students! This is truly a Bolehland!

While MMC made a press statement saying that they never instructed the universities to reduce their intake, Minister of Education(2) said that the quota was set by MMC !! The circus was really going wild. After close to 2 weeks of entertainment, finally it is out. As I predicted, the number 418 was only the intake via UPU (STPM and Matriculation). Another 501 was taken in directly by universities via Asasi etc, making a total of 919. Another 100 intake will follow  after a “directive” from cabinet. So, the total intake will be 1019. University Malaya’s intake this year was 124, out of which ONLY 50 were taken via UPU. The rest (74) were from their own asasi program.

It looks like our Ministers/Deputy Ministers simply do not know what they are talking about. Our Education Minister aka DPM says that all university graduates need to pass an English test to graduate. I wonder what MUET is for ? As far as I know, all university students will have to sit and pass MUET exams. Sometimes I wonder whether they are simply reading a script written by someone else or are they really that *****d! Unfortunately, there is no such thing as apologising or taking responsibility, among our politicians.

Personally I do not agree that public university should cut down their intake. The government should ask the private universities to reduce their intake or close down the below par universities. From the information I received, there were no such instructions given to private universities. Frankly, a private university would not be able to sustain a medical school economically if the intake is below 100-150. They will never make profit or even get their return of investment. Since the introduction of the MMC’s minimum entry requirement in 2011, the number of students enrolled into private medical schools had reduced drastically over the last 3 years.

However, there is still a question on those who go overseas for medical education without the minimum requirement. I have a strong feeling that MOH/MMC may not provide you with a job upon your return as the number of post will be limited OR there may be a common entrance exam.  Let’s wait and see what happens.

The entire fiasco started due to poor planning almost 10 years ago. Now, the good students have to suffer. However, I still feel that it is not enough to reverse the situation within the next 5 years. Oversupply will happen and waiting list will have to be created. WE should also not forget that the Malaysian Healthcare system may soon undergo a major restructuring after GST is in force. Our Health Minister has already made the statement last month(see below). Once the hospitals are corporatised, jobs will never be guaranteed and it will be on contract basis!



Health services poised for radical overhaul, minister


PETALING JAYA , AUG 17 — In what could prove to be a controversial move, the government is looking to have a mixed source of financing to merge public and private healthcare delivery services.
Health Minister Datuk Seri Dr S. Subramaniam said this would be done through a single non-profit public third party payer.

He, however, did not elaborate on the plan that was announced during his keynote address during the Apec high level meeting on health and economy in Beijing.

Dr Subramaniam said besides fostering a greater public-private partnership, the government is also drafting a health transformation agenda that took into consideration the country’s challenges and needs.

He said that in the future, the functions of the ministry would be concentrated on stewardship and policy making, governance, public health services, research and training.

“Service delivery will be devolved to enhance responsiveness and flexibility in a more competitive integrated environment,” he said in the speech.
The last time the subject of a healthcare financing scheme surfaced was more than two years ago with the proposed 1Care for 1Malaysia. The criticisms that followed saw a road-show being organised to gather public feedback to draw up a blueprint.

The idea was first mooted more than 30 years ago and there were two attempts previously, with 1Care encompassing three components: transforming service delivery, financing and organisational transformation.

However, as in the past, it was the financing bit that had people riled up although the ministry at the time insisted that nothing was cast in stone.

More recently, the ministry’s director-general Datuk Seri Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah said under Health Transformation, the concept was to strengthen existing services and integrate the public and private health sectors.

Dr Subramaniam said the ministry was reviewing the treatment fees for foreigners to eventually cover actual costs.

“This may also help shift some workload to private hospitals regarding foreign workers who have employment-based health insurance,” he said.

He said a key focus was to strengthen primary healthcare as the population and current system did not foster the development of family doctors to manage the health needs of the individual over their lifetime.

“Malaysians are more likely to go doctor-hopping and there is an over-focus on curative care,” he said.

“This situation is far less effective to tackle long-term chronic illnesses.”

Dr Subramaniam said in the future, Malaysians would have their own family doctor to manage their health needs from womb to tomb.

He said this was to manage health issues better by having a long-term relationship between the healthcare giver and recipient.

– See more at: http://www.themalaymailonline.com/malaysia/article/health-services-poised-for-radical-overhaul-minister#sthash.fczIcESC.dpuf

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Every year, around this time, there will be hue and cry in the medias by politicians regarding failure of top students getting into critical fields in local public universities. At the top of the list will always be medicine. However, this year, there was a big twist to the story! Few days after some young students revealed that they failed to get into medical course in local public university despite scoring 4As etc, one of our great politician came with one of the best statements of all time. He claimed that only 418 students were offered medical course this year to avoid oversupply of doctors !!

While he admits that we are heading to that direction, the statement did not make any sense to most of us. The figure 418 simply do not tally. There are 11 IPTAs offering 13 medical programs in this country. IT is VERY UNLIKELY that each university only took 50 students on average!! I was informed that UM only wanted to take 120 students this year as the intention is to make UM as a premier university for medicine. I contacted some of my friends from the universities and I was told that the figure is likely only for the STPM/ Matriculation intake. It did not include asasi students intake. It was interesting to note that in his statement, he said that this reduction in numbers were made after consultation with MMC and MOH (see below).

Interestingly, today I received a press statement issued by our DG aka Chairman of MMC denying the fact that such a decision/directive was made/given by MMC/MOH (see below). So, someone is talking nonsense as usual.

If at all the government wants to reduce the number of graduates, I feel it should start from the private colleges and NOT the public universities. Public university intakes should be maintained and should be allocated to the best students who have genuine interest in medicine. Unfortunately, private universities are a business and the government cannot close down businesses!!

Whatever it is, the number 418 still remains a mystery……………………. By early next month, hopefully I will be receiving further info on the exact number of students who were accepted into some of the public universities.


Limited Offers To Study Medicine To Prevent Flood Of Doctors – Kamalanathan

KUALA LUMPUR, Aug 18 (Bernama) — The government has offered places to only 418 brilliant students to take up medical studies (first degree) at public institutions of higher learning for this year’s intake.

Deputy Education Minister P.Kamalanathan said the limited number of offers was meant to control the number of new medical graduates and avoid a flood of new doctors in the employment market.

“A total of 1,163 students with a Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) of 4.00 applied to do medicine, but offers were only made to only 418 of them and the selection was also based on interview results.

We made this decision following discussions with the Health Ministry and the Malaysian Medical Council (MMC),” he told reporters here today.

He said the others who were not offered medical studies were offered other courses, but related to the field.

He said this in response to complaints by students with CGPA of 4.0 in the Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia (STPM) and matriculation who failed to get offer to study medicine.

Kamalanathan advised those who failed to get places at IPTA to appeal to the Education Ministry online at upu.moe.gov.my before Aug 23.

“A total of 37,467 students have received offers at IPTA, there might be some students who are not happy with their course.

“For them I suggest they accept the course and register first, then put appeal in writing directly to the university concerned,” he added.

The ministry, he said, made sure that all students with CGPA of 4.00 received offers at IPTA for the 2014/2015 academic session.



Press Statement MMC : No directive to reduce intake of medical students
Posted on August 23, 2014 by pejabatkpk


1. I refer to the article published in the New Straits Times, on the 19 August 2014, Page 9 – “Drop in intake for medical degrees”

2. The Malaysian Medical Council (MMC) would like to clarify that all accredited medical schools in Malaysia have been given approval for a specific quota in terms of number of students to be enrolled every academic year. The quota is determined by their teaching capacity, and takes into consideration among others the lecturers to student ratio, and also the students to hospital beds ratio to ensure that students get adequate clinical teaching.

3. For the public medical schools in Malaysia the total size of the approved quota is 1,550 student intake annually, and is distributed among the 11 Public Universities with 13 medical programs (UM 180, UKM 200, USM 300, UPM 100, UNIMAS 120, UIA 140, UMS 90, UiTM 230, USIM 80, UNIZA 60, UPNM 50). The approved quota was decided based on their ability to comply with the accreditation guidelines for medical programmes.

4. MMC has never give any directive to any of the public universities/public medical schools to reduce their intake of the medical students. They are free to enroll the students in accordance with the quota approved for them, provided they are in compliance with the accreditation guidelines mentioned above, especially in relation to the students lecturer ratio and also the ratio of students to the hospital beds.

5. The issue of oversupply does not arise as long as the public universities comply with the approved quotas and the accreditation requirements, which is important in ensuring the quality of medical graduates so that patients are provided safe and quality care.

Datuk Dr Noor Hisham Abdullah
Malaysian Medical Council

23 August 2014

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I never thought I can write my Part 5 in just 2 days! Over the last few months, I have been hearing news from reliable sources that Johns Hopkins may pull out of Perdana University and negotiations are going on, to salvage the joint venture. However, till it is official, I can’t write anything as they can sue me if I am wrong. Alas today, the verdict is OUT. JH has made official announcement that they are breaking all ties with Perdana University as reported over HERE (below).

When the program was first initiated in 2010, I was sceptical as usual. I wrote about it over here and here. I felt that probably JH was not given the true picture of our health care system. I heard the radio interview given by PUGSOM CEO and I can very well say that he is not aware of the healthcare structure of this country. The healthcare system of US and Malaysia are totally different. I received many emails from budding students who were offered “special” JPA scholarship to study at PUGSOM. It was worth RM 1 million per student! Since it is a graduate medical school, generally most students are matured students. The students were told that they will have their own teaching hospital(private hospital) by 2014 and they will even do their residency style training programme in this hospital, upon graduation. Again, I advised these students not to believe on these unless and until it happens. Building a hospital is not like building a shopping complex! Till today, their main campus and the hospital has not even started construction! I had written about this over HERE.

So far, 3 batches has been recruited into PUGSOM. The first batch suppose to graduate next year. Their training is mainly in HKL. Based on the statement given by JH, it looks like it is all about money and late payment. What interest me more is the reply from PUGSOM that was published later today(see below).

It looks like both of them are now fighting about who paid and who requested more! It is all about doing business and making profit. No private entity will survive without making profit. This was a private-public partnership project under the PM’s department. That’s the reason the “special” scholarship program was initiated to help fund the project via JPA. If not, who will even consider paying RM 1 million and RM 800K for their programs which are both a local degree with no international recognition. Right from the beginning , JH has made it very clear that it is NOT a JH degree but Perdana University degree.

Well, “nasi sudah menjadi bubur”. This break-up is a bad publicity for the country and government. Unfortunately, we have a lot of half-baked politicians who do not know what they are talking about. I still remember the headline made by our PM when this JH-Perdana collaboration was announced (HERE). I was laughing my head off!

I feel sad for the students. I was told that they will continue with their program till they graduate. BUT from the statement made by JH, it looks like they are pulling out their curriculum and their academics from the university. Thus, I am not sure which curriculum will Perdana use at the moment. Even though Perdana University statement says that they have signed another new partner, it will take time for all the formalities to take place. So, I got no idea what are the students going to do meanwhile.

Well, one by one medical schools are falling down. AUCMS with 5 medical programs left with only 1. I heard many of the smaller medical schools are struggling to survive as they are still making a loss. Hopefully, it is all a blessing in disguise!



Top US medical school cuts ties with Perdana U over money


Published: 18 August 2014
After a four-year alliance, the world-renowned Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine has pulled out of Malaysia’s Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine (Pugsom), citing frequent late payments as the reason.

The American medical school said it made the “difficult decision” of ending the partnership in Pugsom – Malaysia’s first private teaching hospital with research facilities – because payments to Johns Hopkins under the contract were often late, adding that payments were 12 months overdue when the partnership was terminated last month.

“It was our honour and privilege to help create a new model for medical education in Malaysia by providing guidance and advice to Pugsom and by assisting in teaching and in the initiation of the school,” its director of marketing and communications, Lindsay R Rothstein, told The Malaysian Insider in an email.

However, we reached the difficult decision to end the existing relationship because payments required under the agreement for the services provided by Johns Hopkins and its faculty were frequently received late and at the time the agreement was terminated, Johns Hopkins had not been paid for more than 12 months of work.”
Rothstein said the situation had become “untenable” but added that despite its disappointment over the outcome of the partnership, it would not close its doors on other international collaborations.

As of July 31, 2014, Johns Hopkins, its faculty and its curriculum are no longer associated with Pugsom. While we are deeply disappointed by this outcome, we hold firm to our belief that international collaborations such as this are critical to advancing our mission.”

Pugsom, established in 2010 under the initiative of the Academic Medical Centre Sdn Bhd (AMC), offered a four-year medical course in collaboration with John Hopkins, which reportedly cost RM800,000.

When Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak announced the partnership between Johns Hopkins and Malaysian and American investors in September 2010, he said the school would become a medical research hub in the region.

Datuk Seri Liow Tiong Lai, who was then Health Minister, was reported as saying that the presence of the prestigious Johns Hopkins in Malaysia would boost the country’s health tourism industry.

The Public Services Department sponsored students enrolled in the Pugsom programme.

Johns Hopkins, meanwhile, said the official notice of its decision to end the partnership was sent to AMC on March 17 this year but it allowed the faculty to remain reaching until July 31 in the interest of students attending Pugsom.

Since the date of the notice on March 17, 2014, in order to protect the interests of the students attending Pugsom, Johns Hopkin voluntarily and at our own expense, allowed its faculty to remain teaching through July 31, 2014, and maintained other aspects of our presence at Pugsom,” Rothstein added.

Also during this timeframe, Johns Hopkins allowed the school to use the Johns Hopkins ‘Genes to Society’ curriculum and the ‘in Collaboration with Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine’ tag line.”

However, checks on the university’s website earlier this week showed that the Pugsom programme, along with the tagline of the collaboration with Johns Hopkins, was still being advertised.

Perdana University vice-chancellor Professor Datuk Dr Sothi Rachagan, when contacted, declined to comment but said that a statement would be issued.

Pugsom, which opened its doors in September 2011, is believed to currently have three batches of medical students. Its chancellor is Malaysia’s longest-serving prime minister Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad.

The campus is located at the Malaysia Agro Exposition Park Serdang (MAEPS) in Serdang. It was reported in 2011 that it would move to a 141-acre campus costing RM2.3 billion by 2014.

The new campus, also located in Serdang, is expected have its own 600-bed private teaching hospital. – August 18, 2014.

– See more at: http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/malaysia/article/top-us-medical-school-cuts-ties-with-perdana-u-over-money#sthash.5PuRGIRm.dpuf



Press Release – 18th August 2014
We refer to the news report on the termination of the Perdana University relationship with Johns Hopkins effective 31st July 2014.

Perdana University is a wholly owned subsidiary of Academic Medical Centre Sdn Bhd (AMC).

AMC has to date paid a total of US$34.199 million to Johns Hopkins on account of Perdana University. US$5 million was paid towards the Swami Institute for International Medical Education established at Johns Hopkins University and a further US$29.199 million as part of the affiliation and collaboration agreement. The last payment made to John Hopkins was US$2 million on 7th May 2014.

AMC and Johns Hopkins are in dispute over whether any further sums are payable and the failure of Johns Hopkins to address the many grievances of AMC and Perdana University. The dispute will be resolved in accordance with the Affiliation and Collaboration Agreement with Johns Hopkins.

Perdana University has kept all relevant government agencies, the staff and students at Perdana University Graduate School of Medicine (PUGSOM) informed of the developments.

The 80 students enrolled with PUGSOM are entitled to their rights and this includes a teach-out on the terms on which they were admitted into the programme. Perdana University will ensure that the rights of the students are not in any way compromised.

PUGSOM is the first school in the country to offer the US style four year graduate entry programme.

PUGSOM continues to operate seamlessly with both foreign and local faculty with no disruption whatsoever from the departure of the three Johns Hopkins seconded staff.

PUGSOM will continue to exist and grow even further in collaboration with another leading top-tier US University, the identity of which will be announced jointly in due course in accordance with the disclosure terms in the agreement with the new partner that was signed on the 11th August 2014.

Perdana University wishes to reiterate that it continues to enjoy excellent relations with its other partner the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland (RCSI) which operates the five year PU-RCSI undergraduate medical programme. The degree is awarded directly by RCSI from Dublin. Besides this, Perdana University has been made the postgraduate examination centre for the MRCP Part 1 by the Royal College of Physicians in Ireland and MCAI MCQ by the College of Anaesthetists in Ireland.

Perdana University has within three years established the Perdana University School of Occupational Therapy (PUSCOT) to offer a BSc in Occupational Therapy and a School of Postgraduate Studies which offers a Postgraduate Diploma, Master’s and PHD in Bioinformatics and Translational Medicine. These initiatives have been enhanced by our partnership with the Beijing Genome Institute and the Asia Pacific Bioinformatics Network (APBioNet). The APBioNet has since funded the establishment of its office at Perdana University.

We have also signed an Agreement with United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) and Zurich University of Applied Sciences to jointly offer a unique Master’s in International Trade Negotiations to commence in January next year.

Many other programmes and courses are being designed for the nation and other countries in Asia by our Faculty. The management aspires to make the University special and offer courses which are niche.

The University has attracted many Malaysians to return to serve the nation after having settled abroad. This is due to the excellent teaching and research opportunities that are made available to them at Perdana University.

Within three years the Faculty at Perdana University have published a large number of scientific and peer reviewed papers in international and local journals. One of our local Faculty won the Merdeka Award last year.

Perdana University will continue to grow even further and stronger with the separation from Johns Hopkins.

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In May 2014, I wrote an article about the financial problems faced by one of the private medical college in this country. Three of the twinning universities had already pulled out. The one which was still going on was their own degree and UKM degree. Finally, the verdict is OUT. 

Early this week, I received an info from my friend in UKM that the AUCMS UKM program is in trouble. I heard that MMC likely will not accreditate the program and students will be in limbo.It will leave close to 300 students jobless. There was an emergency meeting between MOE and UKM to decide on the fate of these students. The D-Day was 15/08/2014. There were also government sponsored students in AUCMS.

Yesterday, UKM has decided to absorb all these students into their campus! UKM had to take the responsibility to what has happened. It was them who allowed an unknown university to run their program. Obviously, they would not want their reputation and degree to be badly affected. The students have to thank their lucky stars. If not, they would be left with no degree and no job!

Will UKM end up in trouble with this arrangements? I am not sure. MMC decides on the number of students that a university can take. I was given these numbers by one of the commentator in this blog:

Number of studdents in UKM (AUCMS in bracket):
Year 2: 163 (+110) = 273
Year 3: 215 + 48(UNPAD) + 75 (AUCMS) = 338
Year 4: 201 (+59) = 260
Year 5: 233 (+46) = 279

This is way off the figure that UKM can cope(especially Year 3). Would this lead to their degree being questioned especially by external bodies. Will Singapore Medical Council de-recognise UKM degree? How many parents will start making noise, in UKM accepting these students via “back door” when so many students could not get a place in local universities? Only time will tell.

This is one of the reason why I had always advised students to choose wisely. Please do not fall into the trap of entering a course which is yet to be accredited by MMC. It is a risk that you will have to take. By the time you realise, it might be too late. Many budding students came to this blog and emailed me about the generosity of some colleges giving them scholarship and loans to complete their study. I had always cautioned them. I had also always cautioned students on “unreliable info/promises” given by certain colleges. I write facts in this blog but many refuse to believe.

I read an interesting letter in Malaysia Insider yesterday (see below). It was written by a student who has questioned why JPA has stopped offering automatic scholarship to ALL medical students in public universities. Many years ago, all students were given JPA scholarship. It is up to you whether to accept it or not. Over the last 2-3 years, students were given an option between JPA scholarship and PTPTN loan. Based on this letter, JPA has stopped giving automatic scholarship. JPA has also stopped sending medical students overseas except for the top 50 students. However, MARA still sends students to do medicine overseas!! Ironic!

Is this a prelude to the fact that job is not guaranteed in the future? AS a JPA scholar, you will be bonded with the government. This means, the government must provide you with a job. 

Well, in one way, some of these happenings will reduce the number of graduates slowly. With AUCMS closing 4 of their programs, there will be a reduction of close to 400-500 graduates annually. BUT then, other colleges may continue to increase their numbers. Whatever it is, we are still in a mess!

Mara, pelajar perubatan luar negara lagi baguskah? – Wan Salman Wan Sallam
Published: 15 August 2014

Saya secara peribadi menahan saja perasaan daripada meluahkan pendapat peribadi tentang polisi baharu pemberian biasiswa Jabatan Perkhidmatan Awam (JPA) kepada pelajar perubatan Institusi Pengajian Tinggi Awam (IPTA). Polisi terbaharu itu ialah pelajar perubatan IPTA, bermula dengan kemasukan 2013/14 tidak lagi akan mendapat biasiswa JPA secara ‘de facto’ automatik.

Walaupun saya sendiri berjaya mendapat biasiswa tersebut, namun saya tetap kurang berpuas hati dengan sikap JPA yang langsung tidak memberi notis kemungkinan ini sebelum keputusan UPU tahun lalu. Walaupun benar JPA tidak pernah menjamin keautomatikan biasiswa perubatannya, polisi JPA yang selama ini sentiasa menwarkan biasiswa ‘automatik’ saban tahun pastilah membolehkan kita menganggap JPA akan terus melakukannya untuk tahun mendatang melainkan ada notis JPA untuk tidak meneruskannya.

Saya cuba melihat pada sudut positif; memandangkan pembinaan hospital tidak serancak pembinaan fakulti perubatan, saya dapat menganggap ada petanda kerajaan sendiri mungkin tidak dapat menguruskan ramai graduan perubatan akan datang. Malah pembekuan pembinaan fakulti perubatan IPTA mahupun IPTS juga bermula buat masa ini.

Sungguhpun begitu, saya lebih terkilan apabila membaca laporan berita Utusan yang menyatakan Majlis Amanah Rakyat (Mara) akan meneruskan penajaan pelajar bidang perubatan ke luar negara. Mengapakah Mara begitu beria-ia malah kelihatan berbangga dapat menaja pelajar perubatan ke luar negara?
Tanpa menafikan kecemerlangan pelajar tajaan Mara, saya melihat kerajaan amnya seharusnya juga melihat nasib pelajar perubatan dalam negeri, IPTA terutamanya yang saya kira setanding kecemerlangannya dengan pelajar luar negara dalam Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM). Bukan itu saja, rata-ratanya mereka juga amat cemerlang juga dalam program persediaan (contohnya Matrikulasi KPM, Asasi IPTA, PASUM dan STPM).

Bahkan yang ditaja kerajaan ke Timur Tengah contohnya, universiti mereka malah tidak menjadikan kelulusan program persediaan pun ada! Hendak sambung perubatan dalam negeri sangatlah susah dengan syarat kemasukan dan persaingan dahsyatnya, tetapi yang ke luar negara dengan syarat kemasukan lebih mudah ditaja pula. Bagaimanakah pertimbangan dibuat dalam keputusan ini sebenarnya?

Bukan itu saja, kerajaan sendiri mengakui jika ingin mengamal perubatan di Malaysia, amalan klinikal adalah lebih baik dijalankan dalam negeri berbanding luar negara atas faktor penolakan pesakit dan demografi penyakit. Pihak MQA sendiri juga menetapkan syarat ketat untuk akreditasi fakulti perubatan, maka adakah fakulti perubatan yang sekian banyak di Malaysia ini masih tidak dapat menampung keperluan graduan perubatan?

Tentang kos pula, menganggung seorang pelajar perubatan di negara benua Eropah memakan belanja hampir RM1 juta, jika tidak lebih! Apa rasionalnya menangung lagi dengan kos ini sedangkan kerajaan juga memberikan subsidi amat tinggi untuk menampung pengajian perubatan di IPTA? Lebih baik sempurnakan subsidi dan pemberian biasiswa pelajar IPTA semuanya daripada menaja ke luar negara.

Saya difahamkan bentuk ‘tajaan’ Mara bukanlah tajaan penuh, tetapi merupakan pinjaman boleh ubah. Apa kurangnya pelajar IPTA untuk tidak ditawarkan pinjaman yang sama? Bahkan kosnya lebih murah memandangkan IPTA bukanlah dasarnya mengaut keuntungan.

Jika Tan Sri Annuar Musa berpendapat bakal doktor perubatan ini berpeluang bergaul dengan orang luar negara, Mara mahu jadikan mereka doktor atau negarawan berjiwa rakyat? Mungkin juga Mara teringin melahirkan sosok seperti Datuk Seri Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail yang belajar perubatan di Ireland dan kini menjadi presiden PKR. Namun kita juga ada Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad yang belajar di Universiti Malaya dan juga merupakan perdana menteri paling lama di Malaysia!

Untuk kerajaan, JPA terutamanya, ingatlah pelajar dalam negeri lebih setia berkhidmat untuk Malaysia. Buat yang mendapat tajaan luar negara, saya ucapkan tahniah dan berazamlah untuk kembali berbakti buat negara kita.

Untuk Mara pula, kebanyakan pelajar perubatan IPTA yang tidak mendapat biasiswa ini Bumiputera juga. Ada antara mereka hanya makan sekali sehari dan perlu menanggung kos buku teks yang hampir beribu harganya.

Cukuplah dengan polisi pilih kasih ini. Mara walaupun berasingan dengan JPA, kedua-dua agensi dan jabatan ini milik kerajaan juga. Sepatutnya wujud persefahaman den kesegerakan dalam polisi tajaan ini dengan bantuan Kementerian Kesihatan dan Kementerian Pendidikan.

Akhir sekali, mengapa ingin menyusu anak sampai ke luar negara jika susu di rumah sendiri lebih murah, berkualiti dan cukup untuk anak-anak? – 15 Ogos, 2014.

* Penulis ialah pelajar perubatan Universiti Sains Sains Islam Malaysia.

* Ini adalah pendapat peribadi penulis dan tidak semestinya mewakili pandangan The Malaysian Insider.

– See more at: http://www.themalaysianinsider.com/rencana/article/mara-pelajar-perubatan-luar-negara-lagi-baguskah-wan-salman-wan-sallam?utm_medium=twitter&utm_source=twitterfeed#sthash.Zzlsn4pP.dpuf

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My last article attracted a lot of debate in Facebook as well as a lot of “emotional” rants in the comment section. I will leave the emotional rant alone as people always get carried away with emotions and do not think rationally. Atrocities in this world will go on as long as people are emotional and do not use their brains to think and reason out.

One of the debate that took place in Facebook was about “Visiting Consultant” status in private hospitals. I wrote that Visiting consultants are not allowed to admit inpatients in any private hospitals anymore.  This was told to me when we applied for our hospital’s license renewal 2 months ago. Following this, our central management had a meeting with CKAPS unit of MOH and we were informed of the following, which is still rather confusing at times.:

1) Visiting Consultants cannot be appointed for INPATIENT services if there is no resident specialist of the same speciality e.g: you can’t appoint a Visiting Urologist if you do not have a resident Urologist etc

2) However, Visiting consultants can run outpatient and daycare services

3) Visiting Consultants can see inpatients if the patient is referred by a resident consultant aka co-managed e.g: resident orthopaedic surgeon referring to visiting plastic surgeon etc

4) Even if a Visiting consultant is appointed for INPATIENT services where there are resident consultants: the hospital MUST make sure that the consultant is “readily available” at all time! The definition of “readily available” is not clear. It basically means that the consultant must be able to attend the case as soon as possible when called.

5) The hospital MUST clearly differentiate between Visiting and Resident Consultants! From the conversation that I had with a ministry official, a resident consultant is defined based on their “Tempat Amalan Utama” in their APC. BUT hospitals may have different way of defining a “resident” consultant. Thus, it is still not clear. 

6) Maternity centres must have Resident Paediatrician and Anaesthetist.

Basically, the ministry is concerned about patient safety as what happened a hospital in Seremban. Under the PHFSA, MOH can come up with regulations which they think is important in protecting the public. Many will argue that time taken for a visiting consultant and resident consultant in attending to the patients will be almost the same, especially after office hours. Yes, I must agree that after office hours, it might be the same but it does make a difference during office hours. A resident is always there during office hours from at least 8am-6pm. The resident is also committed to the hospital (as he does not practise anywhere else)and have to take the responsibility and can always ask for help from another resident consultant/colleague if he is held up in OT etc. However, a Visiting consultant may be running his “busy” clinic outside or even doing a surgery in another visiting hospital when the hospital calls for an emergency involving his inpatient. He won’t be able to attend immediately and the resident usually do not help out either (internal politics and medico-legal issue!), especially if you do not have a resident of same speciality. Thus, I feel that the MOH concern is reasonably valid.

Let me give you an example of a case that was settled out of court for an amount close to RM 3million, recently. A patient came to a hospital in preterm labour. The patient is being followed up by a consultant in his clinic outside. He was a visiting consultant in that hospital. The MO sees the patient in the emergency department and calls the consultant. The consultant was awaiting delivery of another patient in another hospital about 1 hour away. Thus, he asked the patient to be sent to that hospital. The resident consultants definitely will not take the case as they have never seen this patient before. Patient delivered along the way and the child ended up as CP. The case was brought to court and while awaiting a verdict which was definitely going for the patient, they decided to settle it out of court, worrying that the compensation amount might be higher.

So, the ministry is now putting the pressure on the private hospitals to fulfil these requirements. There are many ways you can go around it but “IF” anything happens, the hospital will end up being penalised. Thus, most private hospitals will take the safer approach of likely not appointing a Visiting consultant if the resident do not want to work along.

As for dispensing rights mentioned in my earlier article, Dato Kuljit wrote a letter  to NST on 28/07/2014. IT was a well written letter about higher cost and inconvenience to patients if dispensing right are taken away from doctors. However, 3 subsequent letters in NST(HERE , HERE and HERE) rebuking his letter shows how much the pharmacist are pushing for it. I must admit that pharmacist are more united than doctors. I had given talks during their state AGM and I see a lot of them attending their AGM. How many attends MMA AGM, whether state or national level? How many are even members of an association, be it MMA (the official rep) or MPCN etc. Everyone just want to take care of themselves and their business and not bothered to stay together and fight. I have been active in MMA since I was a Housemen in Ipoh Hospital. We had fought for many issues concerning government service. Many do not know how MMA/SCHOMOS fought for whatever they are enjoying now but yet they just sit back and complain that MMA is doing nothing. I do not want to say how many trips I had to make to Putrajaya in submitting the paper on promotional pathway for doctors way back in 2005/2006(after a SCHOMOS workshop), something which I wrote on my ACER desktop computer with a floppy disc! I am happy it became a reality 4 years after I submitted it and I myself leaving the service. As a first step in improving the system, please join MMA and voice out your issues through the proper channel. The next step is to get involved actively in all activities of MMA and contribute effectively. If not, we are fighting a loosing battle!

Dr Krishna Kumar, our current MMA president also appeared in the press recently. You can read over HERE (below). He has also mentioned some of the issue that I had written in my earlier post.

Someone asked me about ASEAN trade agreement. For a start, you can read this agreement attached HERE. Basically, anyone from ASEAN countries can practise medicine here as long as he fulfils MMC registration criteria.



A heavy responsibility for Dr H. Krishna Kumar


The newly appointed president of the Malaysian Medical Association is keen to see the organisation maintain its principal aim of not compromising when it comes to the care of patients and the way doctors work.

Dr H. Krishna Kumar is a home-grown and trained doctor. He graduated from Universiti Malaya and has worked in two countries, five Malaysian states and many hospitals.

He is currently a maternal and foetal medicine specialist, and trains undergraduates, postgraduate and sub-specialty doctors.

Although he had worked as a consultant in the United Kingdom and was offered a permanent job there, he chose to come back to serve his country.

Dr Krishna, who hails from Seremban, is a proud alumnus of St Paul’s Institution.

He is quick to point out that his parents were his bedrock. They were both teachers who ingrained in him the importance of education.

“The Malaysian Medical Association (MMA) is the largest organisation that represents doctors in the country, thus, we have the largest voice among doctors in Malaysia.

“One of our core purposes is to ensure that health fees do not compromise the care of patients or doctors’ work quality.

“In order to build upon this principle, we lobby with the government to ensure that any policies that may affect doctors are addressed.

“The Health Ministry is more or less like our partner as they have similar principles,” explains Dr Krishna.

“For instance, the Malaysian Communications And Multimedia Commission with its Personal Data Protection Act (PDPA) – we are the only country that puts the health sector under this Act, while in Western countries like the UK, the health sector is excluded.

“The appearance of a third party and a new Act may in fact result in a breach of some of our ethical practices and affect the way we manage our patients.

“This is the reason why we do not support the PDPA and are in the midst of discussions with various ministers to try to get the health sector excluded.

“After all, data collected by the health sector is governed by our Medical Council and the Private Healthcare Act,” he says.

Dr Krishna also raised concerns over the current scenario where only doctors’ fees are being closely regulated, whereas there is little to no regulation of hospital fees.

“Unfortunately, this scenario is likely to go on indefinitely.

“If you look at the itemised bill from any hospital, you will find that the bulk of the bill comes from miscellaneous hospital charges while the professional charges (i.e. doctor’s fees) will only take up a small portion of it. Why this huge disparity?” he questions.

“As I do not work in the private sector, I have no vested interest in this, yet I am moved to take action because of my conscience,” he says.

Medicine is becoming a business

“If you look around, you will find that businessmen have realised that the healthcare industry is a highly profitable business.

“That is why you will find a lot of such clinics, as nowadays it’s all about making money,” Dr Krishna says.

“Gone are the days when the family doctor is in control. It has become increasingly difficult for family doctors to survive, especially in the face of numerous rules, regulations and acts that are being introduced that specifically target the health sector.

“All these are deterring independent practices as the family doctor will now have to contend with so many new conditions and administrative details that are necessary to ensure that they are not in violation of any of these new rules, regulations, and acts. They are slowly dying out as they have been squeezed at every turn,” he says.

“Every time a new ruling or law emerges, there will be a fee charged. Take the Personal Data Protection Act as an example – they would be charged RM600 a year for this. When there is an inspection of your clinic, it will cost between RM1,500-RM3,500.

“There is another charge for waste disposal; obviously, a clinic cannot throw its rubbish away in the ‘normal’ way.

“There is a charge for business practice registration, clinics that have radioactive materials orX-ray machines need to pay a fee, and employees at the clinic must also be qualified personnel.

“The cost of the fees and the increased salaries of hiring at least two to three qualified staff per shift would add to the running cost of owning and operating a clinic,” adds Dr Krishna.

“Take maternity centres as an example. In the past, you would have the option of going to a government hospital, private hospital or private maternity centres. The private maternity centre was more affordable than private hospitals, but the new rules now state that there must be a resident anaesthetist and a paediatrician.

“Since the majority of such maternity centres do not have a large volume of patients, they cannot comply with this new ruling, thus, many are forced to close down.

This new ruling also adds to the cost of having a baby as the charges will rise since there are now three professionals involved with delivering a baby instead of just the obstetrician (especially for normal deliveries),” shares Dr Krishna.

Modern challenges

Looking back over the years, Dr Krishna notes that there have been many changes in the medical practice. For one thing, medicine has become increasingly complex, with technology taking over many aspects.

Prices of drugs have also increased, and all these factors have led to an unfortunate increase in the cost of healthcare.

“The most obvious thing that has gone up is the expectations of our patients. For instance, in the past, deaths in the wards were often taken in stride, whereas nowadays, any death (even if it is a 90-year-old with all kinds of health complications) are often greeted in an accusatory manner,” states Dr Krishna.

“The Internet has also been both a boon and a bane for the health sector. Many patients often self-diagnose by surfing the Internet for information about their condition.

“The problem we often face is when they seek information from unreliable online sources as they will then approach their doctor with this dubious information and challenge them with it.

“This is a worrying trend as many patients often visit unreliable online sources, become convinced by it, visit a doctor, challenge their doctor, and refuse to believe their doctor even when asked to do their own research (but using reliable online sources that their doctor provides). Many such patients will ‘doctor-hop’ until they find one who will give them the diagnosis that they expect to hear,” he says.

Unhealthy developments

There are other problems that need to be addressed as well, including the shortage of places for new graduates who wish to do their housemanship.

This situation is not confined to just doctors, but is occurring across all the various disciplines in the healthcare industry, such as dietitians, radiographers, and so on.

“They are all affected because there has been a gross increase in the number of colleges providing the training. Unfortunately, there is also a shortage of good teachers, which has led to many universities or colleges producing inadequately trained professionals.

“This situation is especially bad as many of these graduates are then unable to find employment due to their inadequate training,” says Dr Krishna.

“This is the reason why at one time there was a shortage of nurses, yet at the same time there were 30,000 unemployed nurses, all of whom graduated from certain universities or colleges.

“In contrast, nurses that were trained by the Health Ministry can easily find a job anywhere, even in the Middle East. Similarly, I anticipate that this scenario will be repeated with the current batch of doctors who have graduated and/or are graduating,” he says.

President for a year

Dr Krishna is quick to admit that as the president of MMA, he has to shoulder a heavy responsibility.

He comments: “For most of us, this is not our primary job, rather it is a voluntary position. For an individual to take time off to run the association for a year is enough. To bear this burden for more than a year is difficult.

“Although a year may not sound like enough time, bear in mind that before becoming president, one has to spend a year as president-elect, followed by a year after one’s term as president serving as past president, so in total, one year will be around three years.

“Just as it is for any other post in MMA, you may finish what someone else has started and someone else will finish what you have started. While the focus may change from president to president, the principles will remain the same.

“This has helped ensure that there is a continuity of purpose within the association, and this ensures that the direction of MMA remains constant, although how it is approached may be different,” he says.

“It is my fervent hope that I will be able to achieve positive changes in how healthcare is practised in this country, and to do so in a manner that benefits both patient and doctor.

“After all, if the doctors are not taken care of, how will they take care of their patients? Similarly, if our patients are not cared for, it will have negative repercussions for doctors too,” he concludes.


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Much has been written in this blog about the future of medical graduates, the declining quality of products, oversupply of doctors and the eventual unemployment of graduates. The world is undergoing many changes. Wars are breaking out everywhere with extremist killing innocent people in the name of race and religion as well as territorial fight. Malaysians are only interested in Gaza but forgotten the fact that Syria has killed almost 170 000 of their own citizens, Boko Haram is killing their own citizens in Nigeria and ISIS in Iraq killing Christians who refuse to convert or leave. The Ukrainian crisis would not have come into the spotlight in Malaysia if not because of MH17! When people ask me why I don’t support Palestine openly, I ask them why they never bothered about what is happening in the rest of the parts of the world. Why people never marched to the Syrian embassy? Why don’t people march to the Arab country’s embassies for not helping the Palestine? Historically, more Muslims have killed Muslims compared by anyone else. I support humanity and that’s why I am a doctor! I condemn any atrocities no matter where it happens and who is involved. I do not support any particular race or religion or country. In fact, we may end up like them if our PM does not act as a leader in condemning the racial and religious bigots who are running amok in this country at the moment.

Now, coming back to the topic above, life as a practicing doctor does not seem to be getting any easier. We were just informed that the Annual Practicing Certificate (APC) fee would be increased by 2016. The proposed rate is RM 300/year, up from RM 50/year now. MMC will be corporatized as mentioned in the amended Medical Act 2012. Thus, one of the source of income for MMC will be the APC and NSR (National Specialist Register) fee. The NSR fee will remain at RM 1500 every 5 years. The renewal of APC will not be automatic anymore. You need to have a minimum amount of CME points to be renewed. I was informed that it would likely be 10 points per year for MO and 20 points per year for specialist.

Ministry of Health is also strengthening their enforcement unit and introducing many new rules and regulation for private hospitals and clinics. Recently, we were told that Visiting Consultants in a private hospital cannot admit any inpatients. They are only allowed to see outpatients. I understand that this new rule came about after the incident at the Chinese Maternity Hospital, Seremban where MOH had to close down the inpatient services, end of last year. The hospital was surviving with visiting consultants to run their inpatient services. Unfortunately, this new rule will have severe impact on hospitals and consultants. This basically means that a consultant who runs his own clinic outside would not be able to admit any patients to any private hospitals anymore. It also prevents Consultants from government sector to have any admission rights in private hospitals despite government allowing them to do locum/out of office hour’s session in private hospitals. Is this an indirect way of MOH in preventing their doctors from doing locum outside?

As for individual Maternity Centers, license is NOT going to be renewed if they do not have a full time Pediatrician and Anesthetist. This will force most maternity centers to close shop within the next 1-2 years. I have already had few O&G consultants from maternity homes calling our hospital for visiting rights. Unfortunately, it is a double whammy. We can’t accept them as visiting consultant as we can’t give them admission rights!

There is also another new rule, which says that we can’t run an ICU if we do not have at least 4 ICU trained nurses! Oh my, it looks like most of the small hospitals will have to close down their ICU services. How are we suppose to get ICU trained nurses when the training can only be done in a government hospital (under their post basic training) but they do not provide any allocation for private nurses?

By April next year, patients will have the option to choose between getting their medication from doctors as they do now, or to insist on the doctor giving them a prescription to buy the required drugs from a pharmacy. It was published in The Sun last month.This will be another big blow for the General Practitioners. It is a catch 22. Most GPs survive on the commissions they get from selling medications. If the above rule is implemented, they will have no choice but to increase their consultation fee. This in turn will chase away a lot of their patients. You can’t survive by charging RM 25-30 consultation fee! The Malaysian Pharmaceutical Society is fighting hard to get this implemented. As you would have noticed, many small pharmacies are merging to create big branded retail pharmacies almost everywhere in every town.

The cost of private healthcare is increasing tremendously. There was a saying that only 20-30% of the population seeks treatment from private hospitals. Unfortunately, the number of cash paying patients in private hospitals is dwindling over the years and only constitutes about 10-15% of the total number of patients attending a private hospital. The rest depends on insurance such as employee benefits and medical cards. In my hospital, almost 90% of patients are paid by insurance. This is where another huge problem is arising.

Since the New Fee structure was introduced by MOH in February this year, insurance companies are becoming more stringent in their assessment. For those who do not know, the fee increase of about 15-30% is the first increase after almost 16 years! And yes, our fees are regulated by the government but not the hospital fees. The insurance companies are now dictating what we should do and what we should not. They are even limiting the number of times we can see a patient in the ward. I have had insurance companies which specify that only 1 visit per day is allowed. If you visit more than once, either the patient has to pay or we have to do it for free! It does not matter whether the patient is ill or not! My surgical colleagues are having a tough time, as some of the fees are not being paid as it is deemed unnecessary by insurance companies and they decide this by sitting 400km away without even looking at the patient! Yes, I agree there are black sheep’s in our profession. I had written enough about this. Unethical and “go for money” doctors are increasing day by day due to stiff competition and reducing income. However, to query what a doctor should do and should not do, cannot be decided by some junior doctors who might not even have completed housemanship! FYI, insurance companies do take those who quit housemanship to become their underwriters! They even got the stupidity to ask why an appendicectomy cannot be done the next morning just because doing after office hours increases the cost! I hope we can say that to them when they get admitted for a similar problem. Interestingly, these insurance companies do not say these directly to their client/patients!!

All insurance companies are increasing their premiums as of now, to minimize their loss from the recent fee increase. How many percent of the population will drop out of the scheme? As the premiums increases there will definitely be certain portion of the population who will not be able to sustain their policy. This in turn may reduce the number of patients visiting private hospitals. On the other hand, the cost of private healthcare will continue to escalate. Eventually it will reach a tipping point where the private healthcare system may collapse, especially the big tertiary private hospitals. This did happen in the US in 1990s after which they started building smaller primary and secondary care hospitals to keep their overhead cost lower.

While we are having constant pressures from all these external factors, the litigation rate seem to be going up by leaps and bounds. Last year the court of appeal decided to award RM 3.5 million (before interest) in damages for a cerebral palsy case in a private hospital in Klang Valley. It has set a record as the highest amount ever awarded as well as a benchmark for future cases. Recently, a government hospital was asked to pay RM 2.78 million in damages for a similar type of case. Interestingly, the mother of the child is a doctor who is still in government service! Another consultant in a private hospital in Klang Valley was asked to pay RM 280 000 for causing death of a child due to mismanagement of labor, and the patient is a foreigner! Just today, another case involving an Orthopedic surgeon and a government hospital was found guilty of negligence. These are just the tip of the iceberg as many cases are being settled out of court!

These cases have now increased the premiums for our medical indemnity insurance and it will only go higher! A couple of months ago I had a father who said that doctors can’t be suit in court because no doctors will give evidence against another. I think he is leaving in the 80s. Those days are gone. We have many consultants hired by lawyers to attend court cases as expert witness. On the other hand, an increasing litigation rate will also increase the cost of healthcare as doctors will become over cautious and order unnecessary investigations (as happening in US). It is known as CBM: Cover Backside Medicine!  The production of poor quality doctors with poor training during housemanship will only make things worst for the field of medicine in the future.

Well, many things are changing in medical fraternity. Some are for good as it ensures safety of patients and general public. The practice of medicine will not be the same anymore as many rules and regulations are being put in place. Income of doctors will continue to decline due to various factors mentioned in this blog. Doctors will be pressurised from every corner, which include debts, high indemnity premiums, high litigation rate and high maintenance cost of practice. AND I have not even started talking about TPPA and ASEAN Trade agreement! So, never do medicine for easy life and money!

2014 has not been a good year for this country. Anyway, I wish everyone a Selamat Hari Raya and have a safe journey home……………

*** please click on the links to see the articles*** 

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